The leading role Holden Caulfield is a sixteen-year-old school student who was born in a rich family. Although he is rich and kind, no one in the school likes to get along with him. So he always feels constantly lonesome. Such as like the book says “His loneliness arises from the fact that no one seems to share his view of the world, no one understands what's going on in his head.” In his view, school is a hypocritical place. The purpose that you go to school is only to get a good job or beat others.
The surroundings talk about wine, women and sex all days. Holden hates this society. He never puts his heart in study so he is always be punished by teachers. And when he is flunked out of school the forth time, he doesn't go home but stays in New York—the place where he was born and lived. That is just the time several days before Christmas. He lives in hotel, stays in the bars all the day, makes many girlfriends and drinks heavily.
At the same time, he feels sad about the teenager and the life. He feels what he never thinks before in the true life. He wants to escape from this society but he can't. This is just the background of Holden's story. During this time, Holden thinks of many things and many important people to him. Except introduces Holden's life in New York, the book also tells us Holden's life in school and some important people and things to him.
The catcher in the Rye is a typical novel which reflects the confusion and rebel of the 1950s in America history. From year 1945-1955, the American society seemed to be blissful on the surface while the fear of uncertainty caused by the growing communist challenge was affecting the culture of society. People became paranoiac and youngsters of the time became rebel or even violent resulting from the lost of aim and belief. Holton, the main character of this novel, is portrayed by the author as a typical teenager of the time.
Born in a wealthy middle class family, Holton was supposed to live a good life. However, he expelled from school four times, not dare to go home, wandering alone in York city one day and two nights, living in small inn, going to nightclubs, being alcoholism. He wanted to escape from the real world because he feel depressed, confused, filled with all sorts of unrealistic fantasies. This novel can be defined as both the tragedy of Holton's and the author Salinger, who is a young people of that generation.
In 1950, the Korean War started, which was an extension of the Cold War which strengthened the hostilities and conflicts between America and the Soviet Union. It definitely leaded to the panic of normal people because they were uncertain about the result of the competition between the superpowers. Teenagers were emotionally confused of the changing society, doubting their life and their future. Salinger has also written other novels such as Nine Stories, a collection of short stories even more depressed than The catcher in the Rye, which at least have expressed some hope at the end of the novel. Actually, characters like Holton become popular at that time, not in literature only. In the film Rebel Without a Cause describe a very similar situation, the tendency of rebel and violence among youngsters in American culture at that time. In the early 1950s, the accumulation of emotions and conflicts were bedding the transform a few years later, which had significant influence on American culture of that period.
Impression of a book of “persons who keep watch in the wheat field.”
Went to the bookstore that day, I chose a very thin book from a lot of world masterpieces, name let “ wheat persons who keep watch of field ”， when I pick up this book, I have not expected that such a thin book will have a so great impact on me, making my thoughts and feelings very deep, I think that the form and content of this book are all very outstanding.
The fifties in U.S.A. were a quite confused period, the dark cloud of World War II has not left yet, the smoke of gunpowder of cold war arises again. On one hand the development in science and technology is fast, and on the other hand, people lack the ideal, demoralized, under the great social background unable to change in oneself, live and mix shocking and shocking life. Then, “ a generation of collapsing ” appears , Halton is a member among them , he smokes and gets drunk, not to strive to make progress, but, he is still unlikely to reduce to taking drug, gregarious stage, because in his bottom of heart , still have a beautiful and remote ideal all the time ---Do a “ person who keeps watch in the wheat field ”.
A country here of our life, this era is during the enormous change, everything is in the development with rapid change. In a sense, this is and really a bit alike in U.S.A. of the fifties. The society is progressing constantly, people's concept is changing too, a lot of people begin to be vast and hazy, downhearted, they get to forget one's own ideal, do not have the first enthusiasm, begin to yearn for being mediocre.
We are a group of children living in new era, it is puzzled and worried to be already been used to naturally , but we should concentrate spirit and are certain about the front of we , our way , we should whether one have lofty ideals ambitious people. If Halton does not have his pure ideal, then he will degenerate through to the end , it is his ideal that lets him live. The ideal is the people' s beacon light, it is leading people to move towards future, move towards the light. Our life has just begun, even if life makes us some of this generation perplexed with knowing which way to go, but everything is just temporary, does not know the past , we needed most now, it is our ideal.
Yes, it is hopeful to have lofty ideals , will just tomorrow hope, will be more beautiful tomorrow!
The Catcher In The Rye, which was written by Jerome David Salinger, tells a story about Holton's two-day experiment and feelings after he dismissed by the middle school. He was hanging out in the New York City and seeing many ugly sides of the society. Although he was born in the middle class and had good condition to live, to study or to work, he expressed his dissatisfaction either. Holton was a complicated and contradictory youngster, but with a heart yearning for beautiful life and lofty ideal. Hating the headmaster, helping nuns raise money for survivors, caring his sister carefully, Holton was really a boy beyond a protagonist in the novel.
What on earth made Holton become such a kind of younger? In my opinion, there are three reasons. Firstly, every person lives in his specific social background. The book was written after the Second World War, the American society and economy was waiting to recover to the level before the Second World War. Secondly, different person has different living conditions. Holton was living in a middle class. He don't worry about how to live. So he had much free time to think about the society. And his education in the school planted the social responsibility deeply in his heart. Thirdly, the American value makes contributions to it. It emphasizes a single person is more important than collectivity, which is much different from the values of us. Holton was also believed this value.
However, it is such a person that made me think. There is a sentence in the book, “a sign of an immature man is that he is willing to for a cause bravely dying, a mature man of marking is him would like to for a cause meanly alive”。 In the ancient China, people were asked to sacrifice for his beliefs. But in the modern society, it becomes different. We are taught to protect our own life in any condition. But as a soldier, we should also believe in it.
A soldier's duty is protecting motherland and people. When facing enemies, what choose would you do? Die for defeating them or protect our own life? Of course we will choose the first one. However, I do think Holton was too extreme. Although the society is not so satisfying, we can use our own power to make it change. Resisting is really not a wise choice. Maybe you will say that one person's power is too weak to make any change, but we can influence people around us. By this way, your value can be spread far away. Then the whole world must change in the end. Just believe yourself.
In a word, I would like to be a catcher in the rye, not worrying and complaining like Holton. I will make my contributions to the world. Do something and influence the world in my own way. Distinguishing goodness with badness, I am sure that a right value has been set up in my mind.
When the holiday came ,i realised that i should read a novel from the first page to the last page with full concentration which i had never did before.I remembered what I ought to do is cover a book review about A farewell to Arms and searched some materials and blocked before the desk stuggling to catch another brainstorm for a whole night,probably this is what i was doing now if it did not make me sick when imagining that.So i chose this book for one reason i would certainly write something about A farewell to Arms because of the courses i chose last term,and for another more important reason,i felt a strange but stronge feelings growing inside, calling me up to read it like eagerly visiting an old friend or happily welcoming a traveler to my world.
Maybe,the reason is,i think,it is a book describing a teenger and his world.I prefer the teenger and his world to the word youth,though commenly they are the same. Youth is not a time of life ,it is a state of mind.It is the rising sun ,the burning fire,the smiling sunflower as philosophers and poets often praise.Obviously Holden Caufield,the hero is not in that kind of living state.Born in a rich family,he was not a so-called good kid .He was being expelled from the school Pencey Prep in Agerstown, Pennsylvania for his poor academic performance again But he seemed to already used to it and did not feel ashamed.Only coming to the thought of going home to face his fault maked him scared.So he decided to put off the day by hanging on the way until he must face it.
At the first sight,we must think of him a bad rebellious kid.We can always hear some dirty words from him like“damn”and he encountered with a young prostitute when staying at the hotel,and his mind was flocked with many unrealistic thoughts.All this in China can be very serious.But we should see through his naive deeds and then we can discover he has a very kind ,clean,dreamy and easy-broken heart.His dirty words only expresses his dissatisfaction towards this adult-controled world and his lost of directions when running in the rhy.He asked for a young prostitute to try sex but actually just talked but paied her equally.Maybe he just wanted to escape when he asked his girlfriend to go west and when he wanted to go alone afterwards.I must say this boy has a very sentimental heart touching further and deeper to the world carefully.I suppose his sentiment makes him so different and confused.Not all people are sentimental enough to reflect the world and himself.I do not kown whether it is good or not.People always tells teengers whether it is good or not as if they know it.They always do.
Maybe his unique feelings,his lost,his pureness,his wakeness and capacity of observation make his dream:the catcher in the rhy.I do not know exactly what it means.Maybe he just want his dead brother coming back and cycling with him again.
I have a friend who is very much alike Holden Caufield.He often got high remarks in senior school and was popular among the students and teachers.When he was getting older ,maybe he started thinking as a individual or he got tired of the arranged life.He got stuck in some confusion about his life.All things seemed to be meaningless to him and all the value should be pulled down and rebuilt.He went to Internet cafe to play games and thus missed many classes.He spent a lot of money buying his girl friend a telephone to get connected with her in class when his family is in great need of money.His parents spoiled him so much that they seldom criticized him.
Until one day,his girlfriend want him to stay with her for one night. Certainly his parents did not agree.When the class was over and he stepped out of the school gate ,he immediately saw his father standing at a long distance,waiting for him.The first reaction of him was to run and there was only one voice echoing in his mind,“she is waiting me,she is waiting for me…”He run and run though the crowded students but finally his father caught him.“BACK”his father shouted.but he was just so stubborn that his fatherhad to make a compromise with him“YOU CAN TAKE HER HOME”When finally he and his girlfriend got home,his mother just let them went into his bedroom.No expected storm pooured to him, like nothing happennig.But after a while the door opened and his father holding his faint mother stepped out.‘“where are you…”“HOSPITAL”“I go with you”'NO…'At that moment,he could only see one thing,disappointment in his father's black eyes.He and his girl friend laid on the bed.only them two,laid……After a long time ,,he said his mother is the best mother in the world.He left that girl and made up the missed lessons.He could not forget his father's eyes that night forever…
I do not know why i think of this story when writing this book review.Maybe because the two heros are both different teengers.Or maybeonly when we just have experienced something can we know what we should turely treasure.
Catcher in the rye wrote a 16 years old boy,called Holden ,who was born in a rich middle class family .He escaped from school after being expelled in the fourth time .Then he went to the United States of New York city in one day and two nights.The whole story tells ahout his such a special experience. It not only vividly depicted a delicate restlessness of the middle class children's depressed, lonely and cynical spirit world,and the psychological characteristics of adolescents' a mass of contradictions, but also criticized the the hypocrisy in the adult society.
The beginning of the story from Pencey school. Pencey middle school is very famous and has a great popularity in people's minds, however, the hero describes the pencey middle school follow as “ Pencey is just as other schools,it can't cultivate talents at all. And I don't see any outstanding , intelligent and excellent students.” Besides, he also said there are a plenty of thieves in pencey middle school. In holden's opinion, the most unforgivable thing in that school is fuilled with hypocritical people, especially the principal.He is very snobbish.When he sees ordinary parents,he just say hello to them.While see the rich and powerful who drive a good car, he will talk with them enthusiasmly in a long time. Besides the disgusted Acle and Mr Rudd tower. The reason that Holden leaves pencey is not for he failed six subjects, but there are a lot hypocrite people.Even if there are endless glory and splendor, but the entire campus is indifferent and almost to be a no human world.
There is no happiness in Holden's world.Even if he can feel happy, it is only a few people to give him. His reject good things, although it is a real concern. When his history teacher Spencer tells him that his parents are the best persons.He felt very disgusted, he heartily hates the word “better”.While it's hard for me to imagine, as a child,why he could think so ugly about the world? Though there are many ugly things in this world, too. He even thinks some tiny little things very hateful. When he sees a boy who is just like a guy in the street and get together with his girlfriend. If they laugh constantly, he thinks their laugh is simply but not funny.Seeing somebody else playing a tune, he also thinks the man is just show off his ability.Seeing a woman with a child is being moved and cry at the movies, he also considered a phony. He even boring to hate Christians. In Holden's eyes, all sorts of things is just a fake death of farce.
When Holden sees the ugly side of life, he tells his loneliness without any reservation. This kind of loneliness is not a simple sadness in the sense of solitude, but it is not a person can really understand him. Although he hates Mr Rudd tower, he would also like to dance in front of him. “I also need an audience and I also like to in front of others to show off myself” This is the voice of his heart, he need to hear, to understand and not a elegantly false face and the soft greetings. Can a person feel happy without the audiences? The bus drivers wants him to throw snowballs, and he said he will not threw to anyone, but the bus driver doesn't believe. “People just don't believe your words” Holton said：“No one understands him. The meet between the old man and him is not happy, because their views are opposite.But one the other hand, he is very desire to communicate with the old man.” According to our today's understanding, if the man is not bosom friend, it isn't necessary to explain. However he is too lonely, no one accompanies to him and talk to him,so he was very lonely. Thus under inevitable loneliness, he even thought to find prostitutes and he just wants to talk with her, but the final result is being deceived and has also been beat by the rascal Maurice.
In our opinion, holden isn't a good student, but he has innocence and kindness in his heart just like other children's. When he take a taxi for twice, he asked the driver that:“Where should shallow-water ducks go in the central park when the lake is frozen ?”This is a funny question.Holden concerned about ducks and nature.So he is also sympathetic. In Edmond hotel, when he saw a old man worked as the waiter.Then he thought it is very difficult to let an old man to do such a thing.Having encountered bad suitcase in hand, the two sister eat only bread and coffee for breakfast, he even still hate to eat salted fish eggs.And thought that when they didn't teach ,how can they take the old straw basket to raise money in everywhere and will meet all kinds of situations, even attract by others despistion.
From these things,we can conclude that he was very sympathetic. His brother and sister had a larger influence on holden's life.Alli have dead for a long time.On that day of Alli's death , holden broken all of the windowsuntil his hands were bleeding. We can see that Alli ,as it were, the most important person in his life.This is not a fake. it is undoubtedly a huge strike for holden on her death. She wanted to escape from this world and to find her own spiritual home. He said to Sally:“They can go to the forest to built their own cabin by themselves and leave away from the people.Even their relativest come to visit them,they still don't welcome.”
In fact, Holden doesn't hate this world, but hate something ugly. In Galveston, the poor James Kaiser was killed by a group of guys.However that group of boys are still escaping.The world really has a dark side, and even today, although the state attaches great importance to the legal system, but there are still many people ignore the law under the various network of relationships. We don't have to worry about these, because frankly speaking, we can't change the circumstances .Jsut like holden can't change the time, sometimes, we'd better be ourselves.
Holden's character is very complex, on the one hand, he himself has many problems, he criticizes people around him, but times displays as much phoniness, meanness and superficality as anyone else in the book.
On the other hand, his spiritual world is innocent, he hates all phony things while seeks sincerity and love and he himself is a person full of love. He loves children, because children from falling into the cliff referring to the adult world which he associates with hypocrisy and ugliness. He doesn't want children to step into the adult world; he wants them to stay innocent forever. That is why when he sees the word “fuck you” on the wall of Phoebe's school he is so angry that he even wants to kill the guy who wrote it. His degeneration is in essence a kind of resistance, because he doesn't want to wallow in mire with those guys he despises. “Anyway, I keep picturing all these little kids playing some game in this big field of rye and all. Thousands of little kids, and nobody'saround--nobody big, I mean--except me. And I'm standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff--I mean if they're running and they don't look where they're going I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. That's all I'd do all day. I'd just be the catcher in the rye and all. I know it's crazy, but that's the only thing I'd really like to be.”This paragraph is the most famous part from the story.And to some extent,it reflects why the book is named by Catcher in the rye.
Holden was those of a very troubled person who deserved our sympathy more often than our praise. A close look at what Holden did, nonetheless, revealed that he possessed very strong moral, compassionate instincts. Though Holden struggled against everything, even left away from the real world, he choose to adjusted himself to accept the real world to be a catcher in the real life. The Catcher in the Rye left many useful points to us for cogitation. Thus instead of treating the novel as a commentary by a innocent young man rebelling against an intensive world or as a study of a youth's moral growth, we regarded it as a guide that give us a hand to overcome the depression when we are stuck in it. We should learn to adjust ourself to the society.
With an acceleration in the rate of economic growth, college graduates have to fight for jobs in a highly competitive market. What we need is not only the high level of competence in our profession, but also the practical and sensible trait to realize the fact that we shouldn't give up until we have exhausted all the possibilities. Facing with the confuse problems, we should never compromise to them. We should accommodate ourself to live in the world. And it is the faith that pulls Holden back into the society.One who liv in that faith will never feel lonely or lose the way.